Dog Training Techniques
In this article I am not going to tell you how to train your dog, I find this a totally individual process, and each training has to find the right method for themselves, the one they are comfortable with, keeping in mind the dogs personality. More so I am going to look at the different techniques used over the years to train dogs.
Most obedience training methods today use positive reinforcement. Some use it exclusively while others combine it with correction.
The main thing to remember is dog training should be a fun experience and is an opportunity for you to bond.
Traditional Dog Training: The modern version of traditional training really began with Barbara Woodhouse in the 1950s. This method uses physical corrections to train a dog. For example, if you tell your dog to sit and he stays standing, you might give a gentle jerk on his collar or choke chain while pushing down his rump. Rewards for a completed task include an encouraging "Good Dog!". This method is considered to be outdated by many modern trainers.
Clicker Training: This is one of the most popular recent types of dog training and was introduced by Karen Pryor. It can be used for everything from basic commands to potty training to behavioural problems such as excessive barking. The theory behind clicker training is that animals learn best from "operant conditioning." Operant conditioning means that an animal learns from his environment and that he is more likely to respond to a positive consequence than a negative one. This is pure positive reinforcement training - the clicker indicates to a dog what he has done right. This method is well-liked because it is gentle and offers a good experience for both dog and owner.
Reward Training: This is another positive reinforcement technique but the incentive is not the association with the clicker, but some sort of reward. The reward can be a favourite toy, food, or anything he loves (except the cat). When you give the reward, you should praise your dog in a high pitched encouraging voice. Enthusiasm is encouraged in both you and your dog.